2016-2017: U.S/China Engagement

Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its economic and/or diplomatic engagement with the People’s Republic of China.

Topic Resources:

• Mismanaged Fisheries Key to South China Sea

Case outline with evidence for reforming Section 421 Tariffs. Dept. of Commerce labels China as NME (non-market economy) which opens door for US special interest groups to secure arbitrary trade restrictions.  Link to pdf at page.

US/China Relations: Mixing Cooperation with Competition [NCPA Special Publication: Wednesday, December 28, 2016] by Doug Bandow.
There is no more important bilateral relationship than that between the United States and China. Yet the Congressional Research Service warns that ties have “become increasingly complex and often fraught with tension.” Relations appear likely to become even more fractious with the election of Donald Trump as president. Every four years the People’s Republic of China (PRC) becomes a presidential election issue, but Americans deserve a better explanation of the importance of U.S.-China political and economic relations than candidates’ sound-bytes.

“How Antibiotic-Tainted Seafood From China Ends Up on Your Table,” (BloombergBusinessweek, December 15, 2016), describes the traditional “sustainable” Chinese use of animal waste to feed fish. Since the beginning of agriculture, animal waste has fertilized crops (it’s the organic way!). But the addition of antibiotics to boost animal size and disease resistance shifts the microbe ecosystem in animal waste. Some microbes gain resistance to antibiotics, and are then flushed into Chinese fish ponds, adding antibiotic resistance to microbes in fish later shipped (or transshipped) to the U.S.. (read more)

• US/China Civil Society Engagement

Civil society institution are central to US/China engagement, and include international debate societies, educational associations, and thousands of international environmental, business, religious, and cultural associations.

These non-government organizations (NGOs), along with tens of thousands of international businesses operating in China, build personal and cultural connections between people and societies that are fully or partially independent of governments. (read more)

• The Legacy of China’s One-Child Policy

Nicholas Eberstadt in the Wall Street Journal (October 29, 2015), calls China’s population control policy: “The one-child mandate is the single greatest social-policy error in human history.”

The Chinese government’s draconian one-child policy followed soon after Mao Zedong’s death in 1976, and was a response to incredible poverty across China following decades of top-down economic planning.

The one-child policy created an utterly new social system for China, notes Eberstadt:

And China’s cities are now producing a new family type utterly unfamiliar to Chinese history: only children begotten by only children. They have no siblings, cousins, uncles or aunts, only ancestors (and perhaps, one day, descendants).

(read more)

• YP International Trade Agreements Essay Contest, Due Jan. 1

• U.S. Factories Rely on Chinese-Made Materials

But many existing American manufacturing jobs depend heavily on access to a broad array of goods drawn from a global supply chain — fabrics, chemicals, electronics and other parts. Many of them come from China. At Mr. Reid’s factory, imports account for roughly two-thirds of the cost of making a recliner chair.

(read more)

• Washing Machines and China Trade Policy

• U.S./China Natural Gas Trade for Cleaner Skies

• Chinese Firms Floating Steel and Aluminum to U.S. Ports

• The U.S./China Trade Debate and Populist Backlash

• The “Thucydides Trap” and US/China Trade War

• Engaging China’s Cities and Consumers

• China’s Mismanaged Currency

• Who Cares About China Trade Policy? (Just debaters and special interests)

• Reforming US/China Antidumping and Countervailing Duties Regulations

• China Trade: Hollowing Out or Filling In the U.S. Economy?

• Debate Central on February 2013 Public Forum Topic: “Resolved: On balance, the rise of China is beneficial to the interests of the United States.”  And Part II (con).

Older Resources:

2013-2014 Economic Engagement with Latin America Topic Resources

Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its economic engagement toward Cuba, Mexico, or Venezuela.


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